Yes. Yes you can.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted diseases that infects the reproductive tract (cervix for women and urethra for men). However, it can live anywhere there is columnar epithelium (a type of cell), so if deposited in the rectum or the mouth, gonorrhea can take up residence there as well. Babies can acquire gonorrhea in the eye during birth through an infected cervix.
Identifying and treating gonorrhea is very important. It causes serious infections of the reproductive tract for both women and men that can lead to infertility. Less commonly, gonorrhea can get into the blood stream and cause devastating infections elsewhere in the body.
We know from research that performing oral sex is a risk factor for getting oropharyngeal gonorrhea. Close contact with the penis to the back of the mouth, or the tongue in the vagina is a effective way to expose the mouth and throat. However, both women and men can catch gonorrhea of the genital tract by receiving cunnilingus or fellatio from a partner with oral gonorrhea. So you can get gonorrhea of the reproductive tract if you are a virgin and your only source of contact has been oral sex.
While many (although not enough) people use condoms for penetrative intercourse, the use of barrier methods for oral sex is very low. In one study of heterosexual couples, only 17% of used a condom for oral sex and with cunnilingus, the use of a barrier method was even lower.
Oral gonorrhea often has no symptoms – only 15% have a sore throat and 5% have recurrent tonsillitis. In addition (and this is the real kicker), gonorrhea can be found at the front part of the mouth (yes, the part we use for kissing) and so it can also be transmitted that way (how often it happens is unknown).
Unfortunately, gonorrhea of the mouth is much harder to treat. The only treatment regimen that works is a shot of an antibiotic called ceftriaxone.
If you test positive for gonorrhea, tell your health care provider if you have had oral sex with any of your partners in the past 3 months. If so, you need the treatment that is effective against oral gonorrhea or you need to be tested to make sure your mouth tests negative.
Remember, not only can you catch gonorrhea of the mouth by giving oral sex, but you can also give gonorrhea to your partner this way as well.